Jikken Kobo (Experimental Workshop) was founded in Tokyo in 1951, against the backdrop of a country traumatized by Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and suffering from postwar austerity measures. This determinedly interdisciplinary group of 14 artists, musicians, choreographers and poets orientated themselves towards the pre-war European and American avant-gardes. Its members, many of whom were self-taught, worked individually or in groups, and their guiding interests included John Cage's piano work, Martha Graham's choreography, and Alexander Calder and Isamu Noguchi's sculpture. Active for about seven years, they operated mostly outside of museum spaces and distanced themselves from the academic discourse around musique concrète and electro-acoustic composition. One of Jikken Kobo's co-founders, Katsuhiro Yamaguchi, likened the workshop to 'Bauhaus without a building.'