For a brief description of Fluxus, see Michael Corris’s entry in Grove Art Online. Regarding transnationalism and Fluxus, see Hannah Higgins, “Border Crossings: Three Transnationalisms of Fluxus,” in James H. Harding and John Rouse, eds., Not the Other Avant-Garde: The Transnational Foundations of Avant-Garde Performance (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006), pp. 265–66. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Performance Studies International Conference #13 at New York University in 2007. Another version with a slightly different focus was presented at the NEH Summer Institute on "Re-envisioning American Art History: Asian American Art, Research, and Teaching" at New York University in 2012.