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C-MAP Research Trip Bibliography (Romania, Lithuania, Serbia)

In preparation for the research trip to Serbia, Romania and Lithuania in May 2012, the members of C-MAP Fluxus group read a selection of books and articles on the art that has been produced in those countries over the past fifty years. During the trip we received and acquired many more books from the numerous institutions we visited and the individuals we met.

Here we present forty-nine of the three hundred or so titles that we gathered in all. They range from general introductions to the art of Central and Eastern Europe to monographs and exhibition catalogues. The books are listed according to category and geography. General publications appear first, followed by books on art from Romania, Lithuania and Serbia, in that order.

Readers’ comments on specific titles as well as additions to our necessarily incomplete list are most welcome.

Author

M moskalewicz

Magdalena Moskalewicz

Former Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral C-MAP Fellow at The Museum of Modern Art In 2012-2015 Magdalena Moskalewicz was a postdoctoral fellow for the C-MAP research initiative at MoMA, where she conducted research and organized academic programs for... Read more »
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David Senior

Senior Bibliographer The Museum of Modern Art David Senior is the Chief of Library and Archives at San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA). He was formerly the Senior Bibliographer at the Museum of Modern Art... Read more »
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C-MAP Research Trip Bibliography (Romania, Lithuania, Serbia)

In preparation for the research trip to Serbia, Romania and Lithuania in May 2012, the members of C-MAP Fluxus group read a selection of books and articles on the art that has been produced in those countries over the past fifty years. During the trip we received and acquired many more books from the numerous institutions we visited and the individuals we met.

Here we present forty-nine of the three hundred or so titles that we gathered in all. They range from general introductions to the art of Central and Eastern Europe to monographs and exhibition catalogues. The books are listed according to category and geography. General publications appear first, followed by books on art from Romania, Lithuania and Serbia, in that order.

Readers’ comments on specific titles as well as additions to our necessarily incomplete list are most welcome.

Show More

In preparation for the research trip to Serbia, Romania and Lithuania in May 2012, the members of C-MAP Fluxus group read a selection of books and articles on the art that has been produced in those countries over the past fifty years. During the trip we received and acquired many more books from the numerous institutions we visited and the individuals we met.

Here we present forty-nine of the three hundred or so titles that we gathered in all. They range from general introductions to the art of Central and Eastern Europe to monographs and exhibition catalogues. The books are listed according to category and geography. General publications appear first, followed by books on art from Romania, Lithuania and Serbia, in that order.

Readers’ comments on specific titles as well as additions to our necessarily incomplete list are most welcome.

Source contents

Body and the East: From the 1960s to the Present

This book includes essays on eighty artists from fourteen countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, the former GDR, Hungary, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia. Introductory essays by Zdenka Badovinac and Kristine Stiles discuss the tradition of an art form that emerged during socialism in cultural centers such as Prague,...

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Primary Documents: A Sourcebook for Eastern and Central European Art Since the 1950s

Published in 2002, this anthology remains the most comprehensive collection of reprints of primary sources from post-war Central and Eastern Europe.


From the publisher's note:

Although a number of books have told the story of modern and contemporary art in Eastern and Central Europe, missing from these accounts have been the sources themselves. This book, the result of years of research by...

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East Art Map: Contemporary Art and Eastern Europe

This book is an indispensable resource for anyone researching the art of the region, and it proved very useful in the preparation of our trip. Lutz Becker’s essay “Art for an Avant-Garde Society: Belgrade in the 1970s” gives a good introduction to the city’s lively scene, especially when paired with Branislav Dimitrijević’s “A Brief Narrative of Art Events in Serbia after 1948.” Like those two...

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Fluxus East: Fluxus-Netzwerke in Mittelosteuropa (Fluxus East: Fluxus Networks in Central Eastern Europe)

This book, published in conjunction with a series of exhibitions held between 2007 and 2010 in Berlin, Vilnius, Cracow, Budapest, Tallin, Copenhagen and Høvikodden, marks the beginning of an ongoing project initiated and led by Petra Stegmann to document and interpret Fluxus networks in Central and Eastern Europe. The project has its own website, and the book’s eleven extensive essays discuss...

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Graphics Without Computers: Hand-Drawn, Embossed, Volumetric—40 Years of Modest Achievements

The graphic design of everyday objects and signage is illustrated in this survey of Romanian advertisements, posters, shop signs, and building ornamentation. The publication covers objects and materials produced from 1945 to 1989. We acquired this book from the shop at the National Museum of Contemporary Art in Bucharest.

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Ion Grigorescu: In the Body of the Victim / W Ciele Ofiary

From the publisher's note:

The book Ion Grigorescu: In the Body of the Victim is an attempt to read the works of one of the most charismatic and original artists from the former Eastern bloc, who until 1989 worked in relative isolation, and whose art can currently be viewed in relation to similar attitudes in other parts of the world.

Ion Grigorescu, born in 1945 in Bucharest and a painter by...

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Geta Brătescu and Ion Grigorescu: Resources—Works from the Collection of MNAC Bucharest

This small publication documents selections of Brătescu and Grigorescu’s work held in the collection of National Museum of Contemporary Art in Bucharest. Our meetings with both artists made clear the degree to which their practices overlapped within their shared social context of Bucharest in the 1970s and 1980s. The catalogue text investigates further the conditions in which the works were...

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Geta Brătescu

This exhibition catalogue provides the most comprehensive overview to be found of Brătescu’s work, which in recent years has been attracting increasing international attention. The book includes reproductions of her works and photo documentation, and, significantly, it features reprints of press reviews and articles on Brătescu published since the 1970s. These give valuable insight into the...

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Generatia ’80 in Artele Vizuale (The ’80s generation in the visual arts)

Adrian Guta accompanied our group to the studio of Ion Grigorescu. During the visit, Gupta gave us his book on the development and influence of a generation of Romanian artists who were active in the 1980s. The publication includes entries on several artists we met on our trip, including Iosif Kiraly, Dan Perjovschi, and the subREAL group.

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IDEA: artă + societate (Idea: arts + society)

The artist Dan Perjovschi presented us with this issue of the Romanian journal IDEA: arts + society. This particular issue contains a lengthy interview with the artist and a photographic survey of Perjovschi’s erased drawings exhibitions from 1995 to 2012. With text in Romanian and English, the journal offers great coverage of contemporary art and theoretical writing on the Romanian cultural...

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I Colori delle Avanguardie: Arte in Romania, 1910–1950 (Colors of the Avant-Garde: Romanian Art, 1910–1950)

We received this book from the curator Erwin Kessler on the first evening of our trip. The next day, during a visit to the National Museum of Art of Romania (MNAR), we viewed many of the historical avant-garde paintings, collages, and sculptures featured in the catalog.

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Pavel Ilie: Constructii Lirice

Erwin Kessler also gave us this monograph on the painting and sculpture of Pavel Ilie. Ilie was one of Romania’s few conceptual artists from the 1960s and 1970s to exhibit outside the country. Between 1970 and 1973, he participated in several shows at Edinburgh’s Richard Demarco Gallery.

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Romania Moderna: Documente Fotografice 1859–1949 (Modern Romania: Photographic Documents 1859–1949)

This book presents a collection of historic photographs that construct a visual essay on modern developments in Romania during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The book was presented to us by its author, Mihai Oroveanu, a preeminent historian of Romanian photography and the director of the National Museum of Contemporary Art.

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Pavilion: Journal for Politics and Culture #16, Tactics for the Here and Now

This issue of the journal was published as a reader and catalogue for the 2012 Bucharest Biennial, which was curated by Anne Barlow and opened while we were in Bucharest. The special issue highlights the dispersed sites of the biennial and the various artists’ projects that were installed throughout the city. Participating artists included Iman Issa, Ahmet Ogut, Alexandre Singh, David...

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Dan Perjovschi: Daily, Weekly, Monthly

The artist Dan Perjovschi gave us this recent catalogue from an exhibition of his work at the Ifa-Galerie in Berlin. Having shown internationally for several decades, Perjovschi is the most widely recognized artist from the so-called ’80s generation in Romania.

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André Cadere / Andrei Cădere

This book assembles a variety of essays that explore Cadere’s practice and focuses particularly on the artist’s life in Romania before he immigrated to Paris in 1967. We received this book from the curators of the National Museum of Contemporary Art during our visit to the museum.

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Experiment în Artă Românească după 1960 (Experiment in Romanian art since 1960)

This extremely rich 651-page catalogue of an exhibition shown in Bucharest and Cluj in 1996 presents information about artists active not only in the visual arts, but also in theater, film, dance, music, and literature. Packed with essays, photographs, chronologies, biographies, and excerpts from primary sources, the book brings together a wide store of knowledge. It is unfortunate that the...

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Betono Skulptūra (Concrete Sculpture)

This little pamphlet documents a site-specific sculpture installation in an industrial area of Vilnius in 1985. One of the participants and organizers of the installation, Mindaugas Navakas, provided us with a copy of the publication.The photographs of the work in situ illustrate the degree to which the installed sculptures served as an intervention within the severe industrial landscape.

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Vilniaus Istoriju Knyga: Tariama X Baltijos Trienalès Antologija (A Storybook About Vilnius: The As If Anthology of the X Baltic Triennial)

“The book contains a number of true and fictitious stories by writers, curators and artists about the city of Vilnius, that have been generated by the X Baltic Triennial of International Art Urban Stories staged at the Contemporary Art Centre and diverse spaces throughout Vilnius between September 25 and November 22, 2009.” —Title page verso

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Lithuanian Art, 2000–2010: Ten Years

This catalogue of a survey of contemporary Lithuanian art was one of the many publications given to us by the curators of the CAC in Vilnius. Several of the artists we met, including Mindaugas Navakas, Deimantas Narkevicius, Artūras Raila, and Darius Mikšys, are featured in the book.

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Kazė: Akimirkos—tekstai, piesiniai

This and another monograph on the work of the Lithuanian artist Kazė were also given to us by Elona Lubytė during her presentation at the National Gallery. The books are copiously illustrated with Kazė’s drawings, prints, scenarios, assemblages, and also with documentary photographs of installations that the artist made in the Lithuanian countryside in the 1970s.

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ŠMC 1992–2007

This book provides extensive documentation of the development of the Contemporary Art Center in Vilnius into an outstanding venue for international contemporary art and a dynamic showcase for work by Lithuanian artists. Kęstutis Kuizinas and other CAC curators introduced the MoMA group to the CAC space and provided us with many recent CAC publications.

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Tylusis Modernizmas Lietuvoje: 1962–1982 (Quiet Modernism in Lithuania: 1962–1982)

Elona Lubytė spoke to the MoMA group at the National Gallery of Art in Vilnius about her 1997 exhibition Quiet Modernism in Lithuania, which presented a history of underground or unofficial art exhibitions, performances, and happenings during the Soviet era.The catalogue traces a twenty-year history of these events, providing images of actions and artworks as well as lists of participants. We...

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Behind the White Curtain

This publication serves as the catalogue for Mikšys’s work in the Lithuanian Pavilion at the 2011 Venice Biennale, as well as a tool for the artist’s project there. Viewers used the catalogue to select items that they wished to view from the collection of work that Mikšys had assembled. As described in the catalogue’s forward: “This book serves as a catalogue for a temporary art collection...

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Naujo Muziejaus Vilniuje Galimybiu Studija (Feasibility Study for a New Museum in Vilnius)

This publication presents a proposal for a new contemporary art museum in Vilnius, a collaboration between the Jonas Mekas Center, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the State Hermitage Museum. The cover shows the winning architectural proposal by Zaha Hadid Architects. At the time of our visit, the Guggenheim Foundation had left the partnership, and plans for the project had been put on hold.

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Vilniaus Sąsiuvinis (Vilnius Notebook), Part 2: 1988–1994

This is Navakas’s second book of collages, in which images of his metal and concrete sculptures are projected onto the architectural landscape of Vilnius. Navakas presented these books to the group during a visit to his open-air studio in Vilnius. We had seen the pages of both books exhibited in the National Gallery of Art on our first day in town.

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Artūras Raila: Roll Over Museum

Raila gave a talk to the MoMA group and screened several of his videos from the last fifteen years. Roll Over Museum is an artist’s book that groups together still images from several of Raila’s videos. Each section of the book pictures one of his video works, and the sections are separated by blank white pages. The artist explained that he intended to give the book to the participants in his...

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Art of the Baltics: The Struggle for Freedom of Artistic Expression under the Soviets, 1945–1991

This book gives a general overview of art in the Baltic Soviet Republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as well as focused accounts of the pre-war, post-war and newest art in each of these individual countries. In preparing our visit to Vilnius, we found Vitkoras Liutkus’s essay “Breaking the Barriers: Art under the Pressure of Soviet Ideology from World War II to Glasnost” and Kestutis...

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Žaliasis Tiltas (Green Bridge)

Algirdas Šeškus’s black-and-white photographs document street scenes, domestic interiors, and everyday activities in Lithuania in the 1970s. The following synopsis is printed on the back flap of the publication: “Green Bridge is a novel, a photographic essay, a book of photographs, a scenario, a libretto, simply a story, or artwork created by a thirty-year-old photographer thirty years ago...

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Kazė: tapyba, monotipijos, piešniai

This and another monograph on the work of the Lithuanian artist Kazė were given to us by Elona Lubytė during her presentation at the National Gallery. The books are copiously illustrated with Kazė’s drawings, prints, scenarios, assemblages, and also with documentary photographs of installations that the artist made in the Lithuanian countryside in the 1970s.

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On Normality: Art in Serbia 1989–2001

This large catalogue is a substantial document of contemporary Serbian art published by the Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade. We received this publication during a visit to the curatorial offices of the now closed institution. The exhibition examines a period in which Serbian society was transformed by economic collapse, war, and nationalism and surveys a broad range of artistic practices...

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Želimir Žilnik: For an Idea–Against the Status Quo

This publication contains essays on the work of the esteemed Black Wave filmmaker Želimir Žilnik and comes with a DVD of ephemera, press clippings, and other digital reproductions of material from Žilnik’s personal archive. Of special note among the offerings on the DVD is a digital copy of the third issue of ROK magazine. Published in 1969, that issue was dedicated entirely to Žilnik’s early...

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Impossible Histories: Historical Avant-Gardes, Neo-Avant-Gardes, and Post-Avant-Gardes in Yugoslavia 1918–1991

This book is crucial for anyone who wishes to study the art of Yugoslavia, whether of the early or late 20th century. It was also essential reading for our C-MAP group in preparation for our explorations of Belgrade and Novi Sad.


From the publisher's note:

Impossible Histories is the first critical survey of the extraordinary experiments in the arts that took place in the former Yugoslavia...

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Zenit, 1921–1926

Zenit was an important periodical of the historic avant-garde of Eastern and Central Europe. We saw this beautiful reprint of the magazine in the offices of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade on the last day of our trip and were able to order a copy of the reprint from the publisher, the National Library of Serbia.

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Dragoljub Todosijević-Raša: Pavilion of Serbia at the 54th International Art Exhibition, la Biennale di Venezia, 2 Vols.

These two volumes document Todosijević’s installation in the Serbian Pavilion at the 54th Venice Biennale. Components of the installation were also exhibited in the Museum of Contemporary Art of Vojvodina during our visit. The second, larger volume of the set is a retrospective catalogue of Todosijević’s work.

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Szombathy Art

Bálint Szombathy, who, with Slavko Matković, founded the Bosch + Bosch group in Subotica, joined us when we visited the Museum of Contemporary Art in Novi Sad. The artist and the museum presented us with the catalogue of Szombathy’s 2005 retrospective exhibition. It contains images and documents of the Bosch + Bosch group’s activities and covers the extensive oeuvre of performances,...

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Naše Skupno Delo=Naš Zajednički Rad (Our group work): Bojan Bole, Marko Pogačnik, Mirko Radojičić, Maja Savić, Paja Stanković, Miško Šuvaković, Biljana Tomić

This small catalogue is from a 1979 exhibition at the Student’s Center in Belgrade that also traveled to the Gallery of Contemporary Art in Zagreb the same year. Participants included Marko Pognačnik, a member of the OHO group, and Bijana Tomic and Miško Suvaković, both of whom we met during our time Belgrade and Novi Sad. The catalogue reproduces some of the collaborative projects created for...

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SKC in ŠKUC: The Case of SKC in the 1970s

An exhibition of the same name, curated by Prelom Kolektiv, was part of a wider research initiative called “Political Practices of (Post-)Yugoslav Art.” As the members of that project reveal: “The ‘case’ of the Students’ Cultural Centre (SKC) in Belgrade reveals important traits of a general constellation of the art and politics in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). It is the...

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Slavko Matković: Ich bin Künstler

We received this publication during our visit to the Museum of Contemporary Art in Novi Sad. The catalogue was published on the occasion of Slavko Matković’s retrospective exhibition. It contains reproductions of the artist’s visual poetry, performances, publications, mail art, comics, drawings, and paintings and spans his early work in Subotica with the collective Bosch + Bosch to his later...

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Neša Paripović: Postajanje Umetnošću, Radovi 1970–2005 (Becoming art, works 1970–2005)

The cover of this retrospective catalogue looked familiar. The image—a photograph taken during the filming of Paripović’s 1977 N.P.—was also used on the cover of the catalogue for the Centre Pompidou’s recent survey of Central and Eastern European Art, Promises of the Past and as the show’s press image. Paripović was a Belgrade artist and a peer of Marina Abramović, Rasa Todosijević, and others...

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The New Art Practice in Yugoslavia: 1966–1978

Published in 1978 solely in English, this book challenges the presupposition that the art of Central and Eastern Europe was barely known—or could not have been known—to the Western public before the collapse of the Soviet Bloc. It is almost surprising today how well it documented art of more than 40 artists and artists’ groups (among them Braco Dimitrijević, Tomislav Gotovac, Bogdanka...

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Grupa Kôd, Grupa (ə, Grupa (ə- Kôd

A first step in studying the neo-avant-garde activities of the 1970s in Novi Sad is to figure out the various genealogies of the artists’ collectives that were active at that time. This publication, given to us by Miško Suvaković during our visit to Novi Sad, provides a retrospective survey of the work of Grupa Kôd and Grupa (ə, and also the work of Grupa (ə- Kôd, which included participants...

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Attila Černik

Attila Cernik was a collaborator with the Bosch + Bosch group in the 1970s, and like the artists Balint Szombathy and Katalin Ladik, he cultivated exchanges with the Hungarian neo-avant-garde art scene. Cernik’s visual poetry, text performances, and written inscriptions on bodies were emblematic of the experiments with language that were conducted within the conceptual practices of his...

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Moć Žene: Katalin Ladik, Retrospektiva 1962–2010 (The Power of a Woman: Katalin Ladik, Retrospective 1962–2010)

In the 1970s, Katalin Ladik was a contributor to the Bosch + Bosch group in Subotica as well as a participant in the activities of the Youth Tribunal Center in Novi Sad and the Student’s Center Gallery in Belgrade. Miško Šuvaković edited this large retrospective catalogue on Ladik’s career as a visual artist, poet, television actress, and stage performer in Serbia and Hungary.

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Bogdanka I Dejan Poznanović: Umetnost, Mediji I Aktivizam na Kraju Moderne

Bogdanka Poznanovic and her husband, Dejan, were central figures in the Novi Sad art scene. This catalogue traces their activities from the 1960s to the 1980s and clearly reveals their influence on the younger generation of New Art Practice artists in Novi Sad and Belgrade. It is one of the many books given to the MoMA group by Miško Šuvaković.

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Stories on Art

The back matter of this publication states that Raša Todosijević has been writing his Stories on Art since 1980. The texts are short stories, experimental fables and vignettes, many just a few paragraphs in length. This small volume contains twenty-four of them. We received the book when we interviewed Todosijević in his Belgrade apartment.

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Hvala Raši Todosijeviću (Thank you, Raša Todosijević)

From the late 60s onwards,Todosijević was a primary figure in Belgrade’s neo-avant-garde scene, which formed around the events and exhibitions that were held at the Student Cultural Center. This catalogue is from an exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade that traced the artist’s career and contextualized his practice within its social and political milieu. We received it from...

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Political Practices of (Post-) Yugoslav Art: Retrospective 01

This impressive catalogue documents a series of events produced by several curatorial collectives at sites in Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Russia and Germany. The show was organized jointly by kuda.org, the Zagreb-based collective WHW, the Prelom kolektiv from Belgrade, and SCCA/pro.ba from Sarajevo. Ana Janevski, who is now Associate Curator in the Department of Media and...

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Grupa 143

This catalogue presents the activities of the artists’ collective Grupa 143. The contents include photographs and written descriptions of performances, meetings, and installations from the years 1975 to 1977. Published on the occasion of an exhibition at the Students Cultural Center in Belgrade, the book was given to us in Belgrade by Miško Suvaković, who was a member of Grupa 143.

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C-MAP Research Trip Bibliography (Romania, Lithuania, Serbia)

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Further reading

Posted on 27 Feb

Resources for those interested in theoretical as well as art-historical analyses.

_Postmodernism and the Postsocialist Condition, _edited by Ales Erjavec (2003), gives an excellent theoretical framework for understanding Central and Eastern European art in the 1980s-1990s. It addresses the topic from general, regional, and country-specific perspectives. Misko Suvakovic, who contributed an essay to the book, has written extensively on Yugoslav--and particularly Serbian--art in the 20th century, but I'm not sure how many of his books are available in English.

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Resources for those interested in theoretical as well as art-historical analyses.

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A meticulously researched book, by art historian Magda Cârneci, who was also an important cultural figure throughout the eighties, Artele plastice în România, 1945-1989 Bucharest: Editura Meridiane, 2000.

Revised French translation: Cârneci, Magda. Art et pouvoir en Roumanie 1945-1989. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2007.

Following an email exchange with Magdalena Moskalewicz & Zanna Gilbert, a list of further sources:

Pintilie, Ileana. Acționismul în România în timpul comunismului. Cluj: Idea Design & Print, 2000. English translation by Silviu Pepelea, Actionism in Romania During the Communist Era. Cluj: Idea Design & Print, 2001.

Pintilie co-curated Between Limits. Escaping into the Concept, a section from Subversive Practices, Art under Conditions of Political Repression 60s–80s / South America / Europe (Württembergischer Kunstverein Stuttgart, 2009) - which included work by a lesser known Timisoara based experimental art group SIGMA (active 1969-78), who just had a show at the Gervasuti Foundation in Venice this spring.

Budapest based curator Judith Angel has curated a number of excellent exhibitions of Romanian contemporary art ranging from pre-89, early nineties work including subREAL, kinema ikon, etc. to more recent, for instance Art From Cluj Today (Műcsarnok, Kunsthalle Budapest). See a partial list of her work here.

Király, Aurora, ed. Photography in Contemporary Art. Trends in Romania after 1989. Bucharest: Galeria Noua, Editura Unarte, 2006. -- with texts by Irina Cios, currently director of ICCA Bucharest (formerly the Soros Center for Contemporary Art, which organized Experiment in Romanian art since 1960), Cosmin Costinas, Mihnea Mircan & more

In 2012 the same Galeria Noua published WITNESSES XXI – REVISITING THE PAST - an important group of interviews with artists, critics, and intellectuals who were active in Romania before the revolution (subtitled in English): http://galerianoua.tumblr.com/

Lastly, another great web source: http://www.100towatch.ro/#/X_about

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A meticulously researched book, by art historian Magda Cârneci, who was also an important cultural figure throughout the eighties, Artele plastice in Romania, 1945-1989 Bucharest: Editura Meridiane, 2000.

Revised French translation: Cârneci,...

Show more »